Saturday, 13 April 2024
Breaking News

Fines and Infringements

Infringements, also known as a fine or a penalty notice, are issued under State Legislation. Infringements can be issued when a law or regulation is broken i.e. animal management, parking, health or local laws.

Infringements may be handed to you, sent in the mail or they may be placed on your vehicles windscreen.

If you do not act by the due date written on the infringement notice, you may be issued with a Penalty Reminder Notice and may incur additional costs.

What are my options?

Pay your infringement

You can pay your infringement by the due date in a number of ways:

  1. Visiting the Swan Hill Council Office or the Robinvale Resource Centre in person
  2. Call 03 5036 2333
  3. Mail a copy of your infringement notice with a cheque made out to
    “Swan Hill Rural City Council”
    PO Box 488, Swan Hill, 3585

Request an internal review

What types of infringements can I appeal?

  • Animals
  • Local Law
  • Health
  • Parking

How to apply for a review

An internal review can be requested up until it is lodged with Fines Victoria for collection. Note that if not paid by the due date on the infringement, fees will be incurred. You may only make an objection once per infringement notice, as per Section 22(2)(e) of the Infringements Act 2006

Apply online for an internal review of your infringement notice

The application will be reviewed against the Internal Review Guidelines prescribed by the Department of Justice and Community Safety.

We will send you an email to confirm we have received your application. All enforcement action will be suspended until the review has been completed. Your application will be assessed and you will be notified in writing within 14 business days.

You may be requested in writing to provide further information if sufficient information is not provided. If you do not provide this further information within 35 days of the date of request, the enforcement agency may determine the application without further information

Alternatively you can submit your objection by sending a written letter to:
Swan Hill Rural City Council, PO Box 488, Swan Hill, 3585

On what grounds can I request a review?

Contrary to Law

Please provide the reasons why you consider the decision to issue you with an infringement was unlawful (eg. the infringement was not valid). For more examples and evidentiary requirements, visit the Justice and Community Safety website.

Mistaken identity

Please provide an explanation of why you rely on the ground of mistake of identity (including evidence e.g. that the applicant could not have committed the conduct because they could not have been in the relevant location). For more examples and evidentiary requirements, visit the Justice and Community Safety website.

Special circumstances

Special circumstances include:

  • a mental or intellectual disability, disorder, disease or illness
  • a serious addiction to drugs, alcohol or volatile substance
  • homelessness
  • family violence within the meaning of the Family Violence Protection Act 2008.
  • long term condition/circumstances making it impracticable to deal with the fine

Examples of supporting evidence could include:

  • medical evidence from medical practitioners, invoices or receipts, statutory declarations or affidavits, witness statements, photographs, travel documentation, police statements or records. For more examples and evidentiary requirements, visit the Justice and Community Safety website.

Exceptional circumstances

Please provide details of the exceptional circumstances (where you have committed the offence due to unforeseen or unpreventable circumstances, eg. medical emergencies). For more examples and evidentiary requirements, visit the Justice and Community Safety website.

Mistaken identity

Please provide an explanation of why you rely on the ground of mistake of identity (including evidence e.g. copy of your driver’s licence, in support). For more examples and evidentiary requirements, visit the Justice and Community Safety website.

Person unaware of fine

An application made on the ground of ‘person unaware’ must:

  • be made within 14 days of you becoming aware of the infringement notice (You may evidence the date that you became aware of the infringement notice by executing a statutory declaration)
  • state the grounds on which the decision should be reviewed, and
  • provide your current address for service

For more examples and evidentiary requirements, visit the Justice and Community Safety website.

The decision made by Council is final. If you don’t agree with Council’s decision you can choose to have the matter heard in the Magistrates’ Court. You must notify Council in writing of your intention to go to court.

Request a court hearing

If you don’t agree with Council’s decision after an internal review, you can choose to have the matter heard in the Magistrates’ Court.

You must notify Council in writing of your intention to go to court, you can do this by:

Please note that additional costs may be incurred if you chose to have the matter referred to court.

Nominate the person responsible of the vehicle

If you have received a parking fine, you may nominate the person responsible of the vehicle at the time of the offence. An operator owner onus form (included with your fine) must be completed and returned to Council before the due date on the infringement notice to avoid further costs being incurred and issued to the registered owner of the vehicle.

You can return the operator owner onus form by :

  1. Visiting the Swan Hill Council Office or the Robinvale Resource Centre in person
  2. Email: locallaws@swanhill.vic.gov.au
  3. By mail to: Swan Hill Rural City Council, PO Box 488, Swan Hill, 3585

Payment plan / extension of time to pay

Having difficulty paying your fine? We have options available to help

  • Payment plan
  • Extension of time to pay

Applications must be submitted before the specified due date on the infringement notice.

Apply for a payment plan / extension of time to pay

What happens if I don’t pay my infringement?

If you do not pay or request an internal review for your infringement by the specified due date on the notice, you may incur additional costs. The longer you wait, the more it may cost you.

If left long enough it may result in:

  • Significant additional costs being incurred
  • A Sheriff’s Officer may seize or sell your property, wheel clamp or impound your car, remove vehicle number plates or arrest you.
For further information visit
The fines lifecycle

Did you find this information useful?

How can we improve this page?

Your feedback will help us improve the information on this page.

Please include your email address if you would like a reply.